The first steamboat appeared in United States of America in 1787, when developer John Fitch made a prototype steamboat that was forty-five feet long and was based upon Watt’s design to enslave steam power. The prototype was tested on 22nd August, 1787, on Delaware river. Members of Constitutional Convention of United States existed to witness this historical event. After an effective test of the prototype, a commercial steamboat was constructed by Fitch. This watercraft was used as a medium of transportation, for the journey in between Philadelphia and Burlington, New Jersey. A patent was turned over by United States government to Fitch for the invention on 26th August 1791. An additional creator, Brian Rumsey, also declared the rights for patent. Between 1785 to 1796, Fitch built 4 kinds of steam boats. All 4 boats had various designs, that were based on propulsion by steam power. The first watercraft was the prototype, second one utilized placed paddles, 3rd one paddle wheels and the fourth watercraft made use of screw propellers. These developments in steamboat, have actually stayed the basis for producing ships and boats, that are powered by stem and diesel. Though the models were clinical successes, they were not appropriate for commercial manufacturing.
Developer Robert Fulton, was the first individual to develop a commercially effective steamboat, that was launched in 1807. It traveled from New york city to Albany on its maiden voyage. The trip took 32 hours and covered a distance of 150 miles.
The commercial use of steamboat as a medium of transportation started in 1811, when Fulton and Robert Livingstone developed the popular steamboat, ‘New Orleans’. The passenger transportation that was provided by the boat in lower Mississippi was such a huge success that by the end of 1814, Fulton and Edward Livingstone, Robert Livingstone’s brother, had actually started a service of transportation in Louisiana, Natchez and New Orleans. The ordinary speed of these watercrafts were about 8 miles an hour downstream, and 3 miles an hour upstream. The service offered a really comfy journey to travelers and also allowed them to hold a great quantity of luggage. The land travel at this time had to be taken on with the help of horses and carts or wagons which were rather uncomfortable as compared with steamboats.